Rotavirus Rapid Detection Kit

The Rotavirus Rapid Test (Feces) is a rapid visual immunoassay for the qualitative presumptive detection of rotavirus in human fecal specimens. This kit is intended to be used as an aid in the diagnosis of rotavirus infection.

 

Rotavirus is the most common agent responsible for acute gastroenteritis, mainly in young children. Its discovery in 1973 and its association with infantile gastro-enteritis represented a very important advancement in the study of gastro-enteritis not caused by acute bacterial infection. The rotavirus may still be found while diarrhea continues. Rota viral gastroenteritis may result in mortality for populations at risk such as infants, the elderly, and immunocompromised patients. In temperate climates, rotavirus infections occur mainly in the winter months. Endemics as well as epidemics affecting some thousand people have been reported. With hospitalized children suffering from acute enteric disease up to 50% of the analyzed specimen were positive for rotavirus. The viruses replicate in the cell nucleus and tend to be host species specific producing a characteristic cytopathic effect (CPE). Because rotavirus is extremely difficult to culture, it is unusual to use isolation of the virus in diagnosing an infection. Instead, a variety of techniques have been developed to detect rotavirus in feces (1).

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